Flat feet (over pronation)

Picture Conor McCabe Photography.

Pronation is the way the foot rolls inward when you walk or run. Sometimes this movement of pronation is excessive or too rapid (over pronation.) This is often referred to as “flat feet.”
Overpronation causes excess forces within the foot and further up the lower limb. This can be a contributing factor to developing lower limb injuries such as pain in the arches of the feet, metatarsalgia (pain in the ball of the feet), bunions, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendonitis and even problems elsewhere in the leg such as shin splints or knee pain (patello-femoral knee pain). Flat feet are not just a cosmetic issue, they can cause pain and cause an inefficient push off during walking and running, slowing down your pace of movement. People with flat feet also often complain of a “tired” or “achey” feeling in their feet by the end of the day, this is particularly problematic for those who walk or stand a lot as part of their occupation.

At IONA Physiotherapy, you will receive a comprehensive lower limb biomechanical assessment and a detailed examination of your foot, both in static positions and during movement. Treatment may include taping, exercises, advice on footwear and orthotics if required.

If you are making an appointment about a foot problem, it is helpful if you bring in your shoes and sports footwear along with you to your first appointment.